Gastritis is an inflammation or irritation of the stomach lining. It can cause abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, and vomiting, among other symptoms. However, following a gastritis diet can help alleviate these painful symptoms. A diet for gastritis consists of eating foods that promote healing. And avoiding the foods that trigger symptoms are also part of a diet for these conditions.
The diet for gastritis: what foods to eat
For example, citrus and dairy are foods that you will want to avoid with a proper gastritis diet. To learn more about the details of an effective gastritis diet, read the food lists below - which foods to eat and which to avoid.
1. High antioxidant foods
Research shows that foods high in antioxidants can help reduce stomach inflammation. Also, these foods can help reduce the risk of digestive disorders or complications. Brightly colored fresh fruits and vegetables are great options for getting an antioxidant dose. Make sure to add berries.
According to sources like the University of Maryland Medical Center , these foods are also beneficial for gastritis:
· herbs / spices (nothing too spicy)
· squash squash
· green leafy vegetables
· sea vegetables
· cruciferous vegetables
2. Probiotic foods
A review of studies suggests that probiotics can help treat gastrointestinal tract infections that trigger gastritis. Cultivated vegetables and kombucha have numerous benefits. For example, they reduce inflammation, regulate bowel movements, help control reactions to allergies or food intolerances, and much more.
Consuming raw and cooked garlic has been a natural remedy for gastrointestinal problems for eons. Garlic is anti-inflammatory and even has some antibiotic properties. In fact, some experts believe that raw garlic might even help reduce H. pylori bacteria. It can also inhibit the growth of other harmful bacteria in the microbiome.
4. Licorice, fennel or anise
Licorice has been used to treat a list of digestive problems. This includes ulcers and acid reflux. It contains a special compound that has numerous benefits. For example, it has been shown to have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral properties, to name a few. While licorice extract might be the most beneficial, consuming fennel and using anise spices can also offer relief. Most people find relief by taking about three grams a day for four to six weeks. However, talk to your doctor if you take any prescription that may interact with licorice. This includes those used to treat high blood pressure.
5. Foods rich in fiber (soaked / sprouted nuts, seeds, grains and legumes)
A high fiber diet can be beneficial in treating gastritis. In fact, one study found that high-fiber diets were associated with a reduced risk of developing stomach ulcers by up to 60 percent. Increase your fiber intake to help alleviate gastritis symptoms. For example, you can try the following:
· nuts like almonds
· seeds like chia seeds or flax seeds
· legumes / beans
· Sprouted whole grains (preferably those that are ancient grains. Also, opt for oats, quinoa, brown rice, buckwheat, and amaranth).
6. Healthy fats
Healthy fats that are easy to digest are coconut or olive oil and avocado. Some of these can help reduce stomach acid.
While consuming foods to help alleviate gastritis symptoms, be sure to eliminate foods that can make your pain worse.
The diet for gastritis: what foods to avoid
If we suffer from gastritis, the following foods and drinks should be discarded to avoid consequences such as increased pain and even that the disease worsens.
1. Citrus and juices
Citrus fruits are normally beneficial. This includes fruits such as oranges, lemons, limes, and grapefruits. However, for people with ulcers or gastritis, citrus fruits can cause pain.
Tomatoes are similar to citrus fruits in that they are acidic. This means that they can irritate a delicate stomach. A small amount may be doable for some, however others feel better avoiding tomatoes and tomato products altogether.
3. Milk and other dairy products
While patients with gastritis and ulcers have been told by doctors for years that they should drink milk to help with stomach acid, this advice is no longer believed to be valid. Experts now believe that the calcium and amino acids in milk actually stimulate the release of more acid production. This is what can make gastritis symptoms worse.
Drinking too much alcohol can erode the stomach lining and make inflammation worse. However, some people with gastritis are able to drink moderately, about one drink a day. Still, others cannot tolerate alcohol if they have gastritis. Alcohol does not necessarily have to be completely eliminated. In fact, some studies show that moderate consumption may even offer protection against gastritis.
In most cases, coffee will not cause stomach problems. However, it generally makes gastritis symptoms worse. Even decaffeinated coffee can trigger gastritis symptoms. Coffee is acidic in nature and can increase the burning sensation.
6. Spicy foods
Spicy or hot foods will also not cause gastritis or ulcers. However, like coffee, they can make symptoms worse. For example, you'll want to stay away from hot peppers, chili, cayenne pepper, red / black pepper, curry, and hot sauce. All of these foods can make you feel worse.
7. Common allergens and inflammatory foods
If you suffer from gastritis, you will want to avoid refined and processed foods. For example, white breads, pasta, and products with added sugar can make symptoms worse.
Also, you'll want to steer clear of factory meat, trans fats, refined vegetable oils, fried foods, and pasteurized dairy products.
All of these foods can trigger food allergies, increase inflammation in the gut, delay healing, and increase the propensity for infections.
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